" Castellio is remembered for the often quoted statement, "To kill a man is not to protect a doctrine, but it is to kill a man.. In The End of Faith, Sam Harris asserts that society should be unwilling to tolerate unjustified religious beliefs about morality, spirituality, politics, and the origin of humanity, especially beliefs which promote violence. , Religious toleration has been described as a "remarkable feature" of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. The Syllabus of Errors was issued by Pope Pius IX in 1864.  This also leads to new modes of intolerance such as cyberbullying. Moreover, it is false that the civil liberty of every form of worship, and the full power, given to all, of overtly and publicly manifesting any opinions whatsoever and thoughts, conduce more easily to corrupt the morals and minds of the people, and to propagate the pest of indifferentism. Moreover, he suffered under the intolerant hands of the French authorities: he was thrown in jail for his views and his books were censored and publicly burned. , Johann Reuchlin (1455–1522) was a German humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew who opposed efforts by Johannes Pfefferkorn, backed by the Dominicans of Cologne, to confiscate all religious texts from the Jews as a first step towards their forcible conversion to the Catholic religion. However, indifference is flawed as a human response for two reasons. The Warsaw Confederation was a private compact signed by representatives of all the major religions in Polish and Lithuanian society, in which they pledged each other mutual support and tolerance. Text taken from Rethinking Education: Towards a global common good?, 24, UNESCO. And he encourages his interlocutors to offer refutations so that the truth might be revealed. , In the Middle Ages, there were instances of toleration of particular groups. Hutu hotel manager Paul Rusesabagina took in everyone he could, turning his hotel into a refuge from the violence. The time must come when, great and pressing as change and betterment may be, they do not involve killing and hurting people. - Stephen Fry (1957-present), English comedian, actor, writer, presenter, and activist, 1993. b. One way of resolving this paradox is to recognize that there is a distinction between first-order judgments and second-order moral commitments. Before the first British colonists arrived in Botany Bay in 1788, there were well over 350 different Australian Aboriginal groups, speaking a myriad of indigenous languages and with a wide range of cultural traditions. Although Arabic and French – legacies of Islamic conquest and European colonialism – are the two official languages, over a hundred languages are spoken within the country's borders. §2. However, the Orthodox faith remained rooted in Russia - as communism collapsed in the late 1980s and early 90s, millions rushed to be baptized and thousands were ordained as priests. Kant's point in this later essay is that public debate and discussion lead to the truth, and that kings should have nothing to fear from the truth. And thus his idea of political consensus tries to avoid the slide toward skepticism and relativism. In a word, all the Mischief arises not from Toleration, but from the want of it.". The word negate is used here in a broad sense that allows for a variety of negative reactions. Of course, Hobbes' account of the absolute sovereignty of the Leviathan calls into question the idea that a social contract view will always lead to a tolerant liberal state. Likewise, dogmatism is easy and satisfying because it follows from a seamless synthesis of first-order reaction and second-order commitment. Public opinion quickly settled on his father, Jean, as the prime suspect – it was supposed that he had killed Marc-Antoine to prevent him from converting to Catholicism. - Albert Einstein (1879-1955), German-born theoretical physicist, 1950. - Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), Author of the Declaration of Independence and Third President of the United States,Letter to Archibald Stuart, Philadelphia, December 23, 1791. They include: respect for autonomy; a general commitment to pacifism; concern for other virtues such as kindness and generosity; pedagogical concerns; a desire for reciprocity; and a sense of modesty about one's ability to judge the beliefs and actions of others. by Philip Foner (New York: The Citadel Press, 1945). Such a state of indifference is not virtuous. Our emotional responses are important ways in which we connect with the world around us. Mill also vigorously argues that freedom of thought is essential for the development of knowledge. - Nelson Mandela (1918-2013), South African anti-apartheid revolutionary and first black president of South Africa, February 25, 1999. From this perspective, human rights, such as the right to autonomy that forms the basis of moral toleration, are thought to be, not metaphysical givens, but the conditions for the possibility of political consensus building. - Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968), American Baptist minister and leader of the American Civil Rights Movement, Loving Your Enemies, 1957. To deny any person their human rights is to challenge their very humanity. However, a number of Protestant theologians such as John Calvin, Martin Bucer, Wolfgang Capito, and Johannes Brenz as well as Landgrave Philip of Hesse opposed the execution of Anabaptists. This exception allowed him to conclude that the state need not tolerate Catholics who were loyal to a foreign authority or atheists whose lack of religious conviction left them entirely untrustworthy. If I cannot, then I have made God in my image instead of allowing him to remake me in his. Another difference between standard ± tolerances and GD&T is the shape of the tolerance zone. - Badshah Khan (1890-1988), Pashtun independence activist. Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. and Marcus Aurelius (121-180 C.E.). - Joseph Addison (1672-1719), English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician, 1711.