In 1489, Ficino's medical treatise "On Life" was published, in which he relied on astrological laws, like other representatives of the Renaissance. He was ordained priest in 1477 and became a canon of the cathedral of Florence. Ficino became an ardent admirer of Plato and a propagator of Platonism, or rather neo-Platonism, to an unwarranted degree, going so far as to maintain that Plato should be read in the churches, and claiming Socrates and Plato as fore-runners of Christ. Black Friday Sale! Seeing a parallel in the Platonic and Christian concept of love, he explained in his commentary on the Symposium that the highest form of human love and friendship is a communion based ultimately on the soul’s love for God. FAMpeople is your site which contains biographies of famous people of the past and present. The philosophy of Marsilio Ficino, as well as some facts from his biography, will be presented in this article. Ficino, in contrast to Cornelius Agrippa, was fortunate in finding such exemplary patrons as the Medici family of Florence. For Ficino himself, therefore, the pursuit of philosophy and priestly activity were presented in inseparable and absolute unity. Plato does not stop at immediate causes, but rises to the highest cause, God, in Whom he sees all things. His collected works: Opera (Florence,1491, Venice, 1516, Basel, 1561). He was engaged at the same time Ficino and magic. In the years 1462-1463 it was Marsilio who translated the works attributed to Hermes Trismegistus into Latin, as well as “Comments on Zoroaster” and “Hymns of Orpheus”. By his appearance on earth, Jesus Christ already embodied the Logos-Word. As a philologist his worth was recognized and Renchlin sent him pupils from Germany. The Council of Florence (1439) brought to the city a number of Greek scholars, and this fact, combined with the founding of the Platonic Academy, of which Ficino was elected president, gave an impetus to the study of Greek and especially to that of Plato. His Florentine Academy, an attempt to revive Plato’s school, had enormous influence on the direction and tenor of the Italian Renaissance and the development of European philosophy. In his most important original writing, the Theologia Platonica (1469-1474), Ficino stressed the perfect compatibility of philosophy and religion, the harmony between Platonic philosophy and Christian revelation. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Marsilio-Ficino, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Marsilio Ficino, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Marsilio Ficino. Marsilio Ficino ( Latin name: Marsilius Ficinus; 19 October 1433 – 1 October 1499) was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance, an astrologer, a reviver of Neoplatonism who was in touch with every major academic thinker and writer of his day, and the first translator of Plato’s complete extant works into Latin. Marsilio Ficino, (born October 19, 1433, Figline, republic of Florence [Italy]—died October 1, 1499, Careggi, near Florence), Italian philosopher, theologian, and linguist whose translations and commentaries on the writings of Plato and other classical Greek authors generated the Florentine Platonist Renaissance that influenced European thought for two centuries. Son of the physician of Cosmo de' Medici, he served the Medicis for three generations and received from them a villa at Monte Vecchio. He taught Plato in the Academy of Florence, and it is said he kept a light burning before a bust of Plato in his room. The basis of medical prescriptions at that time was the belief that parts of the human body were subject to the signs of the zodiac, and different temperaments were associated with different planets. After his death his biographers had a difficult task trying to refute those who spoke of his homosexual tendencies. It first appeared in a letter to Alamanno Donati in 1476, but was later fully developed all along his work, mainly his famous De amore. He was a priest, a doctor and musician, but is best known for his work as a translator of classic works, author and philosopher. Copyright 2020 Catholic Online. ReligionFacts provides free, objective information on religion, world religions, comparative religion and religious topics. These seemingly contradictory qualities for the philosopher himself, on the contrary, were inseparable from each other. Perhaps his distinctive merit rests on the fact that he introduced Platonic philosophy to Europe. Updates? A little later, he learns Greek, and also begins to translate. Your Catholic Voice Foundation has been granted a recognition of tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. But there is no true man on earth, because all people are separated from each other and from themselves. But all these beliefs and ideas are just a manifestation of a single "universal religion." If all people are reunited in it, they will be able to find the way to the Idea. All rights reserved. Ficino died at Careggi on Oct. 1, 1499. We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. The preaching of "Plato's love" and "universal religion" became very popular in the 15th century. Another field of Ficino activity was related to philosophy. Marcilio Ficino (19th October 1433–1st October 1499) was an Italian philosopher and Catholic priest, who devoted most of his life to the study and translation of the dialogues of Plato and the Neoplatonists from ancient Greek into Latin. It should be noted here that for Ficino, as well as for other humanists, Plato's philosophy and neo-Platonism were a single doctrine. It's a little awkward to ask, but we need your help. He was introduced to the Latin versions of the works of Plato and the Neoplatonists by such Western writers as Augustine of Hippo (5th century) and the leading medieval scholastic Thomas Aquinas. Ekaterinburg, Museum of Fine Arts, Yevgenia Kalynets: actress, who played a major role in "Concerned ...", Lieutenant Colonel Dmitry Razumovsky, Hero of Russia: Biography, Activities, and Awards, Monica Bellucci style: casual and style at events, photos.
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